Product Description

YOX Series Constant Filling Fluid Coupling


It is a hydraulic component of transmission of a kind of power type to the hydraulic coincidence machine of square type. Because its efficiency is high, the structure is simple, can drive load to start steadily , Improve performance of starting, improve kinetic energy strength, have protect function, can isolate sprain shaking and a, The load of balanced every electrical machinery in many drives chain of electrical machinery, And reduce the impact electric current of the electric netting, So used widely in some aspect, such as mining machinery, chemical industry, metallurgical industry, food, architecture, traffic,etc…

The characteristic and operation principle:

There are YOX type and TVA type 2 series in limit hydraulic coincidence machine of square type in our factory produces, YOX type is formed from initiative and passive parts mainly. The initiative ones include complement, front half is connected with the axle, latter half is connected with the axle, elasticity block,pump wheels and outer cover. passive parts Include the axle and turbine mainly The initiative link with former motives and some passive parts link with working machine.

The structure of TVA type is the same as YOX type basically, but the airtight pattern is adopted outside airtight, Have increased the structure of dismantling and putting.

The torsion of the original motive is transmitted by the job liquid in the coincidence machine. Pump change the kinetic energies into liquid mechanical energies . Turbine turn the kinetic energy of the liquid into the mechanical energy. The axle drives load through exporting. There is not mechanical connection between the wheel of pump and turbine.

Our products range:

+YOTCGP series Variable speed fluid coupling
+YOTCG series Variable speed fluid coupling
+YOTCHP series Variable speed fluid coupling
+YOTCHZ series Variable speed fluid coupling
+YOTCQ series Variable speed fluid coupling
+YOTCHF series Variable speed fluid coupling
+Constant fluid coupling, such YOX, TVA series.

Sample Product Photos:

Production Equipment Photos:

Mainly Cooperation Customer:

Raw material yard, ore beneficiation, sinter plant and pellet, coke oven plant, iron making plant, steel making plant.

Successful Projects Feedback:

Note: We also accept the repair work projects, and provide spare parts for variable speed fluid coupling. 
If you have any related projects need our proposal, feel free to contact us.
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fluid coupling

Fluid Coupling and Smooth Power Transmission during Starting and Stopping

A fluid coupling is designed to facilitate smooth power transmission during the starting and stopping phases of machinery and equipment. It achieves this by utilizing the principle of hydrodynamic torque transmission through a fluid medium.

Starting Phase: When power is initially supplied to the input shaft of the fluid coupling, the impeller (also known as the pump) begins to rotate, imparting energy to the fluid inside the coupling. As the fluid gains kinetic energy, it starts moving outward towards the turbine (also called the driven element) due to centrifugal force.

The kinetic energy of the moving fluid causes the turbine to start rotating, transmitting torque to the output shaft. During this starting phase, there is a slight time lag, known as the “slip,” between the impeller and the turbine. However, as the fluid coupling reaches its operational speed, the slip reduces, and the turbine matches the speed of the impeller, resulting in smooth power transmission from the input to the output shaft.

The fluid coupling’s ability to control the slip ensures a gradual and controlled acceleration of the driven equipment, minimizing stress on the drivetrain components and preventing sudden shock loads.

Stopping Phase: When power to the input shaft is reduced or cut off, the impeller slows down, and the kinetic energy in the fluid decreases. As a result, the fluid moves away from the turbine towards the center of the coupling, reducing the torque transmission between the input and output shafts.

This characteristic of the fluid coupling aids in smoothly decelerating the connected equipment, preventing sudden jolts or jerks during the stopping process. The ability to control the slip during deceleration ensures that the driven machinery comes to a gradual and controlled stop, enhancing safety and protecting the equipment from damage.

The combination of hydrodynamic torque transmission and the ability to control the slip makes fluid couplings ideal for applications where smooth power transmission during starting and stopping is essential. Industries such as mining, construction, metal processing, marine propulsion, and power generation benefit from the reliable and efficient performance of fluid couplings in various machinery and equipment.

fluid coupling

Fluid Couplings in Hydraulic Drive Systems

Yes, fluid couplings can be used in hydraulic drive systems to transmit power and control the speed of driven components. In hydraulic drive systems, fluid couplings act as a torque converter, providing a smooth and gradual transfer of power between the input and output shafts.

The basic principle of a fluid coupling remains the same whether it is used in a mechanical drive system or a hydraulic drive system. The fluid coupling consists of an input impeller connected to the prime mover (such as an electric motor or an engine) and an output runner connected to the driven component.

When the prime mover is activated, it drives the input impeller, creating a flow of hydraulic fluid within the coupling. This fluid flow creates a hydrodynamic torque that is transferred to the output runner, driving the connected component. The fluid coupling allows for a controlled slip between the input and output, allowing the driven component to start smoothly and gradually reach its desired speed.

In hydraulic drive systems, fluid couplings offer several advantages:

  • Smooth Torque Transmission: Fluid couplings provide smooth torque transmission, reducing shocks and vibrations in the system.
  • Overload Protection: Fluid couplings can protect the drive system from overloads by allowing some slip in the event of sudden changes in load or jamming of the driven component.
  • Speed Control: By controlling the flow of hydraulic fluid, the speed of the driven component can be precisely regulated.
  • Energy Efficiency: Fluid couplings can help improve energy efficiency by reducing mechanical losses and optimizing power transmission.

Hydraulic drive systems with fluid couplings are commonly used in various industrial applications, including conveyor systems, mining equipment, marine propulsion, and more. They offer reliable and efficient power transmission while protecting the machinery from excessive loads and shocks.

It’s essential to consider the specific requirements of the hydraulic drive system and the characteristics of the fluid coupling to ensure optimal performance and efficiency in the application.

fluid coupling

Comparison: Fluid Coupling vs. Torque Converter

Fluid couplings and torque converters are both hydrodynamic devices used in automotive and industrial applications to transmit power between an engine and a driven load. While they share some similarities, they also have distinct differences:

  • Function: The primary function of both fluid couplings and torque converters is to transmit rotational power from the engine to the transmission or driven load. They allow for smooth power transmission and provide a degree of isolation between the engine and the load.
  • Construction: Both devices consist of an impeller, a turbine, and a housing filled with hydraulic fluid (usually oil). The impeller is connected to the engine’s crankshaft, the turbine to the transmission/input shaft, and the housing is shared between the two.
  • Torque Transmission: In a fluid coupling, the power is transmitted purely through hydrodynamic principles. The impeller accelerates the fluid, which then drives the turbine. However, there is no torque multiplication, and the output speed is always slightly less than the input speed. On the other hand, a torque converter can provide torque multiplication due to its stator, which redirects the fluid flow and increases the torque transmitted to the turbine.
  • Lock-up Clutch: Some torque converters have a lock-up clutch that can mechanically connect the impeller and the turbine at higher speeds. This effectively eliminates the slip between the two elements and increases overall efficiency, similar to the operation of a fluid coupling at higher speeds.
  • Automotive Use: Torque converters are commonly used in automatic transmissions in vehicles, while fluid couplings were more prevalent in older manual transmissions. However, modern manual transmissions generally use clutch systems instead of fluid couplings.
  • Efficiency: Fluid couplings are generally more efficient than torque converters, especially at higher speeds. Torque converters can experience efficiency losses due to fluid slippage and the operation of the stator.
  • Applications: Fluid couplings find applications in various industrial machinery, such as conveyors, pumps, and crushers, where the priority is smooth power transmission and overload protection. Torque converters are primarily used in vehicles, offering the benefit of automatic gear shifting and torque multiplication during acceleration.

Overall, both fluid couplings and torque converters play essential roles in power transmission, but their specific design and application characteristics determine their suitability for different use cases.

China high quality Yox Series Constant Filling Fluid Coupling  China high quality Yox Series Constant Filling Fluid Coupling
editor by CX 2024-05-14